Personality choice

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Choices of personality are elections or voting systems in which individual persons ( candidates ) can be elected. Accordingly, the personality of these candidates will determine the outcome of the election. The personality choice is the counterpart to the list choice .

Personality choice as a voting system

Personality choice is also used as a synonym for majority voting. One example of this is the election of the direct candidate in the federal election . In each constituency , a member is elected with the first vote from the candidate constituency candidates. However, ultimately it is mainly the second vote that determines the balance of power in parliament. The majority vote in one-person constituencies, however, is only a special case of personality choice. More generally, personality voting processes are all processes in which people can be voted directly. This also includes, for example, the preference voting system .

Processes of personalized proportional representation as well as cumulation and variegation combine elements of personality choice with those of list voting .

Importance of the candidate's personality

Elections that are decided by the personality of the candidates are personality choices in the original sense, since not only the above condition of direct election of parliamentarians was given, but also only their person (but not their party affiliation) was decisive for the distribution of votes. This phenomenon occurred above all in elections that took place before the formation of the party systems (e.g. election to the Frankfurt National Assembly in 1848).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Glossary of the website of the German Bundestag
  2. ^ Bernhard Vogel, Dieter Nohlen, Rainer-Olaf Schultze: Elections in Germany, 1971, ISBN 3110017326 , page 81, online