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With phytal refers to the habitat of the sea, of macrophytes , in this case of macroalgae is formed. The term is also used for exposed zones on the ocean floor, as a contrast to the dark aphytal. Adolf Remane (1933, 1940) used the term to characterize a habitat with abundant and diverse fauna . Lüning (1985) suggested using Phytal to denote the euphotic zone of the Benthals that can be colonized by plants .

The phytal is a fertile habitat with a high primary production and great biodiversity. Typical examples are seagrass meadows and kelp forests . The habitat formed by aquatic plants in freshwater is also called phytal.

Individual evidence

  1. Sebastian A. Gerlach: Special ecology: Marine systems. Springer, Berlin 1994, ISBN 978-3-642-57936-3 , p. 151.
  2. Olav Giere: Meiobenthology: The Microscopic Motile Fauna of Aquatic Sediments. Springer, 2008, ISBN 978-3540686576 , p. 317.
  3. Ulrich Sommer : Biological Oceanography. Springer, 2005, ISBN 978-3540230571 , p. 20.
  4. Manfred Voigt: The use of water. Springer 1997, ISBN 978-3540627562 , p. 182.
  5. ^ Mathias Scholz et al. : Habitats of the Elbe and its floodplains. Weißensee-Verlag, 2005, ISBN 978-3899980103 , pp. 174, 175, 374.