Piqué (type of fabric)

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Microscope image of double pique weave
Bow tie

Piqué ( French piqué , English guilting , Marseille , Marcella ) is a mostly cotton fabric with alternately raised and lowered areas. It appears quilted (piqué) and belongs to the double weave.

When weaving two superimposed are chains used, each its own bullet gets. The two chains are connected by temporarily shifting individual threads from one chain into the other and tying them with the weft threads of this chain. For the upper fabric, the right side or the bottom, you use finer yarn and twice as many threads per centimeter as for the lower, the so-called lining. The places or lines in which the two tissues are connected appear recessed between the remaining parts.

The piqués are either completely white or monochrome and printed with different patterns or are gridded, striped or brocaded with different colored weft and warp threads and are used with vests, petticoats, house suits, summer dresses, vestments and especially with patterned bedspreads. Polo shirts are mostly made of cotton piqué.

The typical example in society clothes are the white elements in tails : the Frackweste , the associated white bow tie and the shirt-front on the dress shirt . Occasionally, the tuxedo and dress shirts with shirtfront of pique instead of pleats worn.