Polska Akademia Umiejętności
Polska Akademia Umiejętności ( PAU, formerly "Akademia Umiejętności" (AU) - German "Polish Academy of Learning") is a scientific society with headquarters in Kraków and around 500 members at home and abroad (as of 2006).
In 1872 the Cracow Scientific Society ( Towarzystwo Naukowe Krakowskie ) , which had existed since 1815, was transformed into the Akademia Umiejętności ( Academy of Knowledge ). After the First World War it was renamed Polska Akademia Umiejętności and continued to be a society independent of the state that represented Polish science internationally (for example when the Union Académique Internationale was founded ). From the outset, the Academy's activities focused on sponsoring science and scientists, but it was best known as a publisher of high quality scientific works (such as Polski Słownik Biograficzny ). With the beginning of the Second World War in 1939, the academy interrupted its work and resumed it in 1945. In 1952, by virtue of a government decision , its branches and assets were taken over by the state-owned Polska Akademia Nauk in Warsaw . The PAU itself was not dissolved, however, so that it was able to reactivate its structures and branches immediately after the end of communism in 1989. In June 2006 the PAU had 486 members, 176 of them abroad. One of its honorary members was John Paul II.
- Homepage PAU (English)