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The Priapeus (Greek. Priapeion is) in the ancient Verslehre a fertility god after Priapos called aeolian meter , consisting of a through diaeresis separate connection of a (1st or 2nd) glyconic and a pherecratean is sogl ‖ pherin metric formula notation .

He appears in the lyric poetry of Sappho and Anacreon , in comedy , satyr play and Priapea and was copied in Latin poetry in particular by Catullus ( Carmina 17), where he took the form

- × —◡◡ — ◡— ‖ - × —◡◡—

used, thus a connection of 2. Glykoneus and 2. Pherekrateus. The eighth and ninth verses:

quendam municipem meum de tuo volo ponte
ire praecipitem in lutum per caputque pedesque,

In the translation by Theodor Friedrich Heyse :

I wish
to carry one of our citizens across the bridge, head down and feet after, towards the eddy;

The Priapeus can also be found in Virgil and Maecenas .

In German poetry we find the Priapeus among others, Friedrich Rückert , the it for a ghazal used, so as Reimvers. The first four verses by An J. von Hammer :

Recently on the blooming Rosenhag spoke with an important expression
against the singer nightingale honey collector bee:
You always suck the scent of roses, always scent only the roses,
always taste the glowing rose-lip ruby.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ C. Valerius Catullus: Carmen XVII (ad coloniam) online
  2. ^ Theodor Friedrich Heyse: Catullus' book of songs in German replica, Herz 1889, p. 17 online
  3. ^ Friedrich Rückert, An J. von Hammer online