SPSS
SPSS



Basic data


developer  IBM 
Publishing year  1968 
Current version  IBM SPSS Statistics 27 (June 17, 2020) 
operating system  Microsoft Windows , Mac OS X , GNU / Linux (since version 16) 
programming language  Java 
category  Statistics software 
License  proprietary 
German speaking  Yes 
https://www.ibm.com/dede/analytics/spssstatisticssoftwarehttps://www.ibm.com/analytics/spssstatisticssoftware 
SPSS is a trademark of the software company IBM , under which statistics and analysis software is developed and sold. The most important product of the brand is the statistical software IBM SPSS Statistics , which was marketed between 2009 and 2010 under the name PASW (Predictive Analysis SoftWare).
history
The company SPSS Inc. was established in 1968 with the development of the first version of the program of the same name. The company was founded at Stanford University in the United States by Norman H. Nie , C. Hadlai (Tex) Hull and Dale Bent . The name SPSS was originally an abbreviation for the name Statistical Package for the Social Sciences . At that time the statistical data was saved on punch cards, later on mainframe disks. In 1983 the first PC version was developed. In the meantime, SPSS stood for Superior Performing Software System .
Soon the term SPSS Inc. was used for the company and SPSS only for the original product, as the functions of the software had evolved over the years and could no longer be abbreviated in this way. SPSS Inc. was acquired by IBM in 2009 .
construction
The IBM SPSS Statistics software is a modular program package for statistical analysis of data. The basic module enables basic data management and extensive statistical and graphic data analyzes with the most common statistical methods. For special applications, such as conjoint or time series analysis , there are additional modules that build on the basic module. AMOS has established itself as an extension for the implementation of structural equation models . In addition, the company SPSS offers other software products such as the IBM SPSS Modeler (formerly Clementine) for applications in the area of data mining or decision trees , formerly CHAID and AnswerTree , which can be used as standalone programs independently of the SPSS base module.
The program family is often used in the scientific field, but is also used in companies, for example in market research . Many functions are accessible via the graphical user interface or can be implemented with the proprietary 4GL syntax. Performing analyzes using the syntax has the advantages that repetitive tasks can be carried out more quickly and analyzes can be carried out again more easily if the data changes. In addition, some functions are only available via the syntax.
See also
 List of statistics software , especially PSPP as a free SPSS clone
literature
 Felix Brosius: SPSS for dummies . WileyVCH, 2007, ISBN 9783527702695 .
 Felix Brosius: SPSS 16 . MITPVerlag, 2008, ISBN 9783826659102 .
 Felix Brosius: SPSS programming: Efficient data management and automation with SPSS syntax . MITPVerlag, 2008, ISBN 9783826659096 .
 Achim Bühl: SPSS 23 . Pearson Studium, Munich 2016, ISBN 9783868942972 .
 Andy Field : Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS Statistics . 4th edition. Sage Publications, London 2013, ISBN 9781446249185 ( materials ).
 Jürgen Janssen, Wilfried Laatz: Statistical data analysis with SPSS for Windows. 5th, revised and expanded edition. SpringerVerlag, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3540239308 .
 Raynald Levesque: SPSS Programming and Data Management. 2nd Edition. SPSS, 2005, ISBN 156827355X . ( pdf , 390 pages, 3.7 MB)
 Marko Sarstedt, Tobias Schütz, Sascha Raithel: IBM SPSS Syntax. An applicationoriented introduction. 2nd Edition. Vahlen, Munich 2010, ISBN 9783800637812 .
 CFG Schendera: Cluster analysis with SPSS. Oldenbourg, Munich 2009, ISBN 9783486586916 .
 CFG Schendera: Regression analysis with SPSS. Oldenbourg, Munich 2008, ISBN 9783486586923 .
 CFG Schendera: data quality with SPSS. Oldenbourg, Munich 2007, ISBN 9783486582147 .
 CFG Schendera: Data Management with SPSS  A practical introduction to programming with SPSS. Springer, Heidelberg 2005, ISBN 3540258248 .
 Reinhard Wittenberg, Hans Cramer, Basha Vicari: Data analysis with IBM SPSS Statistics. A syntaxoriented introduction. (= UTB. 4225). UVK / UTB, Konstanz 2014, ISBN 9783825242251 .
Web links
Individual evidence
 ^ IBM completes acquisition of SPSS Inc. In: IBM Press room. IBM, October 2, 2009, accessed February 7, 2011 .