Sapphicus maior

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The maior Sapphicus is in the ancient Verslehre a relatively rare meter . The metric scheme is:

—◡ ——— ◡◡ —— ◡◡ — ◡—

In metric formula notation, it becomes with sapph mabbreviated. It can be interpreted as being composed of the 3rd Glyconus and the 1st Pherekrateus .

The verse was first used by the eponymous Greek poet Sappho and by Anakreon . In Latin literature it appears only in an ode by Horace ( An Lydia , I, 8) as the second part of a distich , the first part of which is a 1st Pherekrateus:

—◡◡ — ◡—
—◡ ——— ◡◡ —— ◡◡ — ◡—

From this ode as an example:

o̱deri̱t ca̱mpu̱m | patie̱ns ‖ pu̱lveris a̱tque so̱li̱s
—◡ ——— | ◡◡— ‖ —◡◡ — ◡——

The four-line stanza formed from two such distiches is called the Second Sapphic Stanza (pher1/sapph m/pher1/sapph m), not to be confused with the sapphic stanza formed from sapphic elf silvers .

A replica in German can be found in a translation of the Horazische Ode by Wilhelm Binder , here the first stanza:

Lydia, speak - by all the
gods, I beg - do you think so quickly
to celebrate Sybari's heart to the death of love? Why
shun the arena of those who otherwise tolerated dust and sun?


Individual evidence

  1. Horace Ode I, 8 v. 4th
  2. ^ Wilhelm Binder: Quintus Horatius Flaccus. German in the verses of the original. Hoffmann, Stuttgart 1871, p. 33, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dquintushoratius00bindgoog~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn42~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D