Sarekat Islam

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Sarekat Islam ( Islamic Association ), formerly Sarekat Dagang Islam ( Islamic Trade Association ), was an Indonesian organization.

The Javanese merchant cooperative was founded by Haji Samanhudi , a businessman in Surakarta , in 1905 or 1912, depending on the source. Samanhudi's business was dedicated to batik , a textile dyeing process.

The organization was later renamed Sarekat Islam , whose headquarters were then in Surabaya . Among others, HOS Cokroaminoto and Haji Agus Salim , who later became Indonesia's foreign minister , played an important role in the cooperative. Sukarno , who later became president from 1945 to 1967, was part of the organization . Agus Salim joined Sarekat Islam in 1915 and represented a moderate Islam. In 1917, Sarekat Islam came under the influence of Marxist ideology.

Individual evidence

  1. Heryanto, Ariel. 2008. "Questioning the relevance of national awakening today," The Jakarta Post, May 21, 2008. Archived in ( Memento of the original from July 21, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ A b Peter Malcolm Holt, Ann KS Lambton, Bernard Lewis: The Cambridge History of Islam . Cambridge University Press, 1977, ISBN 0521291372 , pp. 191-192.
  3. See Bahtiar Effendy: Islam and the State in Indonesia . Singapore 2003. p. 17.

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