Sarekat Islam ( Islamic Association ), formerly Sarekat Dagang Islam ( Islamic Trade Association ), was an Indonesian organization.
The Javanese merchant cooperative was founded by Haji Samanhudi , a businessman in Surakarta , in 1905 or 1912, depending on the source. Samanhudi's business was dedicated to batik , a textile dyeing process.
The organization was later renamed Sarekat Islam , whose headquarters were then in Surabaya . Among others, HOS Cokroaminoto and Haji Agus Salim , who later became Indonesia's foreign minister , played an important role in the cooperative. Sukarno , who later became president from 1945 to 1967, was part of the organization . Agus Salim joined Sarekat Islam in 1915 and represented a moderate Islam. In 1917, Sarekat Islam came under the influence of Marxist ideology.
- Heryanto, Ariel. 2008. "Questioning the relevance of national awakening today," The Jakarta Post, May 21, 2008. Archived in unimelb.edu.au ( Memento of the original from July 21, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Peter Malcolm Holt, Ann KS Lambton, Bernard Lewis: The Cambridge History of Islam . Cambridge University Press, 1977, ISBN 0521291372 , pp. 191-192.
- See Bahtiar Effendy: Islam and the State in Indonesia . Singapore 2003. p. 17.