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Batik ( Javanese "mbatik" = to write with wax) is a textile dyeing process originally from Indonesia , in which patterns and decorations are drawn onto the fabric ( cotton , linen , silk, etc.) by hand with liquid wax using a tool known as tjanting are covered, and are therefore not rinsed through the subsequent dyeing of the fabric in the dye bath and thus retain their original color.

Indonesian batik

Indonesian batik is characterized by a variety of traditionally given and often religious or culturally connoted patterns and colors. Traditionally, clothes made of batik fabrics or certain patterns were reserved for the upper class, especially the nobility, in the strictly regulated Javanese society. The Sultan of Yogyakarta, for example, only released all batik for use by all social classes in 1940. Even today, certain patterns are reserved for certain social occasions (e.g. weddings).

"Indonesian Batik" was from the September 30, 2009 UNESCO on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity set.

Related techniques

A technically similar process, namely the prevention of coloration, is the method of tying with cord , cable ties , wire or rubber . Thin material can also be knotted yourself. Color transitions can be achieved through multiple passes of bindings and different colored dye baths. This technique is called Shibori in Japan , Plangi in Indonesia , Bandhani in India and Tie-Dye in English-speaking countries .

Web links

Commons : Batik  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Batik  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ( Memento from November 1, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Official homepage of UNESCO