Illicit distillery

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Schnapps distillery from a secret Swabian distillery

Under Schwarzbrennerei illegal (often domestic) production is of spirits understood. A plant for distilling schnapps is secretly operated. In the United States , black liquor is known as moonshine . This name comes from the prohibition period , during which the moonshine distillers in the rural areas burned their alcohol at night. This enabled them to hide the hidden stills from the prohibition agents.

In many countries, the private production of spirits without a permit is prohibited or represents an unannounced violation of spirits tax laws. Illicit distillery is traditionally present, especially in agricultural regions. In Styria, for example, the customs administration found in 2012 that 15 to 20 percent of the distilleries were operated without a permit. High taxes and high prices as in the Scandinavian countries or alcohol bans can be an incentive for illicit distillers.

In Germany, under the law of Branntweinmonopols the production of spirits (burning) and the custody of filing of internal devices and subject to control, it takes place in with internal rights equipped bonded distilleries or after the process of the distillery .

In terms of customs, a distinction is made in Germany between illicit distilleries and secret distilleries:

is the production of brandy by manipulating properly registered systems and devices without tax registration.

Secret burning
is the production of brandy with equipment and systems that are not registered with the monopoly administration.
Black distilling of Serbian fruit brandy in the open air

See also

Web links


  1. ^ Stefan Gabányi: Keyword: Moonshine . In: Schumann's Whisk (e) ylexikon . Heyne Verlag , Munich 1996, ISBN 3-453-11529-5 , p. 239 f .
  2. Schnaps: One fifth burns black ORF, April 9, 2012.
  3. "Secret burning" or "Black burning" - which is correct? ( Memento from May 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF), website of the Zollverwaltung Retrieved April 30, 2014.