Sensors (technology)

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Sensor referred to in the art , the science and the use of sensors for measuring and monitoring changes of environmental, biological or technical systems .

The catchment area of ​​the technical "sensor technology" is delimited differently in the German-speaking area, sometimes only sensor elements of the measurement technology are considered, elsewhere exclusively binary, i.e. switching systems (e.g. light barriers), still others also refer to laboratory and industrial measurement systems Automation with one.

What technical sensors have in common is that they deal with technical products that usually convert non-electrical measured variables into electrical signals . In many cases, the so-called standard signals or, recently, fieldbuses are used more and more frequently .


  • Miklos Lambert: Basics of sensor technology . Elektor Verlag, 1991, ISBN 978-3-928051-00-2 .
  • Harald Schlemmer: Basics of sensor technology. An instrumentation for surveyors . Herbert Wichmann Verlag, 1996, ISBN 978-3-87907-278-1 .
  • Stefan Butzmann: Sensor technology in motor vehicles: principles and applications . Expert-Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-8169-2630-6 .
  • M. Busch-Stockfisch: Practical manual for sensor technology in product development and quality assurance . Behr's Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-86022-958-3 .
  • Berthold Heinrich, Petra Linke, Michael Glöckler: Basics of automation - sensors, regulation, control . Springer Fachmedien, Wiesbaden, 2015, ISBN 978-3-658-05960-6 .