Shotgun (American Football)
In American football and Canadian football, a shotgun is a setup of the offense in which the quarterback is not directly behind the center , but a little further away. Usually the distance is 5 to 7 yards .
This line-up is often used for passing plays ; the I-formation is usually preferred for running plays . The quarterback stands directly behind the center. This gives the ball to the quarterback with a snap , which is called a long snap in the shotgun formation - as well as in punching and kicking . The technique, however, is significantly different: While in the kicking game the long snap is performed with both hands and hard, in the shotgun it is performed softly and with one hand. The center must not be attacked during the snap. Since the quarterback is directly behind, he has a little more time to identify the free wide receivers .
The shotgun is used more often in Canadian football than in American football.
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 51 .
- shotgun , nfl-crush.com
- The NFL's secret disaster scenario is an injured long snapper. Retrieved January 14, 2018 .
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 169 .
- Letter of Recommendation: The Canadian Football League. Retrieved June 24, 2019 .