Sima Xiangru ( Chinese 司馬 相 如 / 司马 相 如 , Pinyin Sīmǎ Xiāngrú , W.-G. Ssuma Hsiangju ) (* 179 BC ; † 117 BC ), major age name Chángqīng ( Chinese 長卿 / 长卿 , W.-G. Changch'ing ), was a Chinese poet and official of the Han Dynasty .
He first served at the court of Emperor Jing der Han , but quickly gave up his position. Sima Xiangru was promoted and recognized at the court of Emperor Jing's brother, King Xiao of Liang. After his death, he caught the attention of Han Wudi with the Fu poem 'Zixu Fu' (Fu poem by Master Leer) and again obtained a civil servant position. He stayed at the court of Han Wudi until shortly before his death. The traditional work of Sima Xiangru includes only six poems, but he is considered the most important and most eloquent Fu-poet of ancient Chinese.
In addition to his poetry, he is known for his love of Chinese liquor and for his romantic escape with the poet Zhuo Wenjun . Sima's most famous work is the "Ode to the Wide Gate", which he wrote in poetic prose ( Fu ) on behalf of a former empress . He was also known as a Qin player.
- "One look - and entire cities fall, a second look - and empires collapse."
- Yves Hervouet: Un Poète de cour sous les Han: Sseu-ma Siang-jou (= Bibliothèque de l'Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises. Vol. 19, ISSN 0768-3952 ). Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1964.
- Yves Hervouet: Le Chapitre 117 du Che ki. Biography de Sseu-ma Siang-jou (= Bibliothèque de l'Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises. Vol. 23). Traduction with notes. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1972.
- David R. Knechtges : Ssu-ma Hsiang-ju's "Tall Gate Palace Rhapsody". In: Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. Vol. 41, No. 1, 1981, pp. 47-64, JSTOR 2718999 .
- Volker Klöpsch , Eva Müller (Ed.): Lexicon of Chinese Literature. CH Beck, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-406-52214-9 .
- Original texts by Sima Xiangru in the Chinese Wikisource project
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Sima, Changqing|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Chinese official, poet and musician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||179 BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||117 BC Chr.|