An order is both the process and the result of reading and ordering. The underlying verb to sort was borrowed in the 16th century with the meaning "to divide into [quality] classes , to select , but to order" from the equivalent Italian sortire , which in turn goes back to the Latin sortiri "[er] to lose , to select". Related terms are variety and assortment . Material goods, data and information are sorted. Sorting is also another name for full inspection in quality management. Strictly speaking, sorting describes a different process than sorting, because sorting combines objects of the same type or separates different ones (e.g. apples and pears), while sorting involves a sequence (e.g. date, alphabet) between different objects is taken as a basis. Usually, both processes are connected with each other so that when “sorting” according to size, a corresponding order of the different sizes is created at the same time.
The results of a sorting process can be lists and directories . In information processing, names, numbers and similar values are often sorted, for which computer science knows different sorting methods . With an alphabetical sorting , character strings are arranged according to the order of the letters in the alphabet. Topological sorting describes a sequence of things in which the given dependencies are fulfilled.
Mechanical, chemical or physical sorting processes for separating mixtures of substances are also referred to as separation processes .
When sorting document filing, one speaks of commercial stapling when the latest document is sorted at the top, i.e. above the older documents. If the latest document is sorted at the bottom (at the back), it is called official filing .
The sorting of rated objects can lead to a ranking .
- Etymology and relationship according to Duden "Etymologie" - dictionary of origin of the German language. 2nd Edition. Dudenverlag, 1989.