Social assistance (Austria)
The social welfare in Austria is a national minimum income at the lowest level. It should enable people in need to lead a decent life.
Each of the nine Austrian federal states regulates social assistance through its own social assistance law. The laws have thus developed differently and in some cases show considerable differences. The socio-cultural subsistence level is generally granted . As of September 1, 2010, the needs-based minimum income was introduced as a joint service for all federal states as a replacement for social assistance. This is to be reformed with the Basic Social Welfare Act, which is expected to come into force on April 1, 2019.
In Styria, however, a two-track model is used.
As before, benefits are paid out according to the standard rate of social assistance (including people with Rot-Weiss-Rot Plus cards) and the newer minimum income (citizens, EEA citizens, asylum seekers, etc.).
What all nine state laws have in common is the distinction
- Cash benefits to secure basic necessities
- Help in special life situations (no legal entitlement)
- Social services (no legal entitlement)
Social assistance is granted according to the principle of subsidiarity , i.e. only if livelihood cannot be secured either on one's own or through family help or on the basis of a social security law or other benefit claim.
Most of the unemployed have following the unemployment benefit an unlimited claim to the insurance benefit designed as unemployment assistance (funded by the state). Unemployment benefits and emergency assistance will be reformed in 2019. Social assistance is therefore essentially of importance for people who are permanently incapable of working or as a supplement for families and thus of little importance in quantitative terms.
Amount of social assistance (minimum income) in the individual federal states
|all values in euros||Vienna||Salzburg||Styria||Lower Austria||Upper Austria||Burgenland||Vorarlberg||Carinthia|
|Singles, single mothers, single mothers||837.76||844.46||844.46||844.46||921.30||845.00||633.91||844.46|
|Couples (per person)||628.32||633.35||633.35||633.35||649.10||634.00||473.58||633.35|
|Children of legal age entitled to family allowance||418.88||422.23||254.00||315.73||422.23|
|Minor children (per child)||226.20||177.34||1st to 3rd child 152.00||194.23||1st to 3rd child 212.00||162.00||1st to 3rd child 184.01||1st to 3rd child 152.00|
|from the 4th child 126.67||from the 4th child 184||4th to 6th child 126.60||from the 4th child 126.67|
|from the 7th child 101.30|
- Federal Ministry for Social Affairs and Consumer Protection
- Office of the Lower Austrian Provincial Government, Social Welfare Department
- Office of the Upper Austrian Provincial Government, Social Department
- SocialBasic Law, Social Welfare Statistics Law (104 / ME). Retrieved January 22, 2019 .
- Minimum income calculator: Calculate the minimum income, apply. Retrieved November 12, 2017 .
- Needs-oriented minimum income - noe.arbeiterkammer.at. Retrieved November 12, 2017 .
- Needs-oriented minimum income - ooe.arbeiterkammer.at. Retrieved November 12, 2017 .
- Claim: Burgenland.at. Retrieved November 12, 2017 .
- Minimum income support in Vorarlberg - vbg.arbeiterkammer.at. Retrieved November 12, 2017 .