Scion vowel

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The scion vowel (also: anaptyxe , Greek ἀνάπτυξις anáptyxis "unfolding"; sanskr. Svarabhakti , "the vowel from the middle row") is a sub-category of sound activation , i.e. a process in which pronunciation is made easier by changing the syllable structure . In this case, this is done by inserting a vowel to form syllables , especially before l , m and r .


The scion vowel is rare in German. However, the phenomenon occurred occasionally from the transition from Middle High German to Early New High German and New High German .

Examples :

  • in affect: [ you daʀəfstʰ ] for "you may"
  • Dialect: Rhenish Dorəf for "village", Berlin raus for "out" or Viennese Fəloridsduəf for "Floridsdorf"
  • as a sound change phenomenon: Middle High German viure → New High German fire ( apocope of final e and diphthongization of iu [ ü: ]).

Scion vowels are increasingly found in German learners whose mother tongue has a less pronounced wealth of consonants . Typically, it can be observed at the beginning that the students try to make consonant clusters easier to speak by inserting scion vowels .

Examples :

Even with small children, in the course of acquiring their first language , one can observe the use of sprout vowels to facilitate pronunciation.

Examples :
Sand a ra for "Sandra"
B ü st! for "Pst!"

It is quite possible that an anaptyx is carried over into a newly emerging word.

Example :
Kuruş (Turkish currency unit) from groschen


  • Werner Abraham: Terminology for modern linguistics . 2., completely reworked. u. exp. Ed. Volume 2, M – Z. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1988, ISBN 3-484-10605-0 .
  • Helmut Glück (Ed.): Metzler Lexicon Language . Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-476-01519-X .

Web links

Wiktionary: Scion vowel  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

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