Stalin bunker ( Russian Бункер Сталина ) is the name of a complex of underground rooms in Samara on the Volga in Russia , which was built as an alternative headquarters in the event of the conquest of Moscow for the Soviet dictator Josef Stalin .
Origin and meaning
The bunker was built within a few months in 1942 as part of a top secret measure and is practically the counterpart to Hitler's Führerbunker in Berlin. In contrast to this, however, the Soviet dictator never actually moved into it, as the German defeat in the Battle of Moscow made it unnecessary to retreat to the already completed bunker on the Volga. The bunker was also not built in Moscow itself, since, unlike Hitler, Stalin also expected Moscow to give up and the fight to continue in the Russian hinterland to the east. At 37 meters, the Stalin bunker was the deepest bunker in the world at the time of its construction and also sunk twice as deep into the earth as the Führerbunker in Berlin.
The Stalin bunker today
After the Stalin bunker, like the whole city of Samara, was not open to the public as a closed city during the entire post-war era of the Soviet Union , the bunker was partially opened in 1991 and now houses a museum, which is one of Samara's tourist attractions.
- Page about the bunker from Russia (Russian)
- focus.de: Stalin bunker is to be restored . Focus from October 17, 2008.