Stunt comes from English and means something like "particularly skillful or daring feat". The word is, however, already Germanized and is primarily used for filming, and shows where the dangerous scenes that the Stars are not to be expected of them and can not be covered by stuntmen or Stuntwomen be done.
There are many different types of stunts. The most common are:
- Falls, e.g. B. stairs or buildings
- Jumps, e.g. B. from windows
- Staged fights, also with (fir) weapons
- Stunts with vehicles, e.g. B. Accidents, trick driving.
- Stunts with animals, for example falling from a galloping horse
The stunt companies usually offer complete services, as a so-called 2nd unit .
This includes, among other things
- Stunt coordination
- Special Effects (SFX) (such as movie blood , pyrotechnics , weapons)
- Stunt rigging
- own team with camera, light, sound
In vehicle stunts that would be too dangerous even for the stuntman, a remote-controlled vehicle or a computer-controlled vehicle ( CCV system ) is used. This means that spectacular vehicle crashes (e.g. frontal impact, rollover, fall into a ravine) can be carried out without risk.
Nowadays, stunts are often performed in front of the blue screen , as this method is very versatile and safe. So z. B. for a deep fall, the actors in a studio are hung on ropes, and a wind machine takes care of the wind coming from below. The blue screen is then replaced by a moving background via the computer; for example through a picture taken by a parachutist. This principle is also used in car races, car chases, fights on moving trains, etc. The ropes are also removed with the help of the computer so that the cinematic illusion is not disturbed.