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Waist (left) and hip (right) of a woman.

Waist ( French waist '(body) cut', 'growth', to: tailler '(zer) cut') usually refers to the narrowest part of the torso between the hips and chest . According to Duden, it also describes the waistline of more or less tight-fitting parts of clothing that cover the waist, as well as the outdated bodice . The waist occurs zootomically in insects , where it lies between the thorax and abdomen , and in most vertebrates , where it is between the rib cage and the hip. The narrowest point of the resonance body between the upper width or chest width and the lower width of bowed and plucked instruments is called the waist .


Insects can also show a distinctly pronounced waist (see wasp waist )

Waist for the "narrowest part of the body between chest and hips", "belt area", is also a historical name for a tax levied by the royal treasury in France from the 15th century to the French Revolution (see waist tax ) In the middle of the 18th century, both uses as a takeover of the synonymous French taille , which was already used in the middle of the 17th century in the sense of "size", "shape", "shape", "stature", "stature" ( especially from women). In German, at the end of the 18th century, the meaning “tight-fitting bodice”, “bodice” had developed. The old French taille : “cutting”, “cutting”, “form”, “shape”, “growth”, “cutting edge”, “kerbholz”, “tax” (also “upper body”, “belt area”) is verbal nouns too old French taillier , French tailler "(to) cut", "disassemble", "cut to size", from late Latin tāliāre "split", "cut", a derivative of Latin tālea "chopsticks", "seedling", "each cut off stick-shaped piece".

Ideal of beauty

In humans , the waist in women is about 2 to 3 cm above the navel , in men the position is somewhat more variable and can be above or below the navel; the waist tends to be narrower in women than in men. For overweight people, the definition of “narrowest part of the trunk” does not apply; However, since a pronounced waist is often regarded as an ideal of beauty , many people who are overweight try to reduce their waist size in order to achieve such a waist. The waist-to-hip ratio is a measure that relates the waist circumference to the hip circumference. Values ​​below 1.0 for men and 0.85 for women are considered to be optimal for health. Values ​​of 0.7 and below are particularly attractive for women regardless of culture. For men, this value is around 0.9. Particularly narrow waists are also known as wasp waists ( sidecut ). To achieve this, corsets were mainly used in the 18th and 19th centuries . The waist circumference is an important clothing measure that is measured with normal breathing, an upright posture and a relaxed abdomen.

Web links

Commons : Female midriff  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Taille  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. waist. In: duden.de. Retrieved March 3, 2013 .
  2. ^ Franz Jahnel: The guitar and its construction . Erwin Bochinsky publishing house, Frankfurt am Main 1963; 8th edition 2008, ISBN 978-3-923639-09-0 , p. 143.
  3. Wolfgang Pfeifer (Ed.): Etymological Dictionary of German . 2nd Edition. Akademischer-Verlag, Berlin 1993, ISBN 3-05-000626-9 ( online in DWDS [accessed on March 3, 2013]).