The test psychology is a branch of differential psychology , that part of territory that by the German psychologist and philosopher William Stern was introduced (1871-1938). It deals with the differences in experience and behavior between individual people or between groups of people, which are recorded by means of psychological tests and tries to describe them and trace them back to their conditions.
The term was used frequently in the past because tests were sometimes used in an absolute manner. After a phase of criticism of tests, there was a reorientation of the view of the entire diagnostic process , where tests are only one way of obtaining information.
In modern psychological diagnostics , this term is no longer used because tests are only one of many methods of data acquisition and a partially derogatory use limited to these methods is stated ( psychologist as test servant ). Psychometry or (diagnostic) procedural theory overlap with test psychology.
Test psychology relates in the classic sense to the development and application of psychological tests .
See also: Psychological diagnostics
- Erich Franzen : Test Psychology: Personality and Character Tests. Ullstein, Frankfurt am Main 1958; 13th edition 1977, ISBN 3-548-02181-6 .
- A Brief History of Test Psychology. In: Howard Gardner : Intelligences. The diversity of the human mind. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-608-94263-7 , p. 21 ff.
- Udo Rauchfleisch : Test Psychology. An introduction to psychodiagnostics (= UTB . 1063). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-525-03502-3 .
- U. Pulver, A. Lang, FW Schmid: Is psychodiagnostics responsible? Verlag Hans Huber, Bern 1978, ISBN 3-456-80523-3 .