People's Theater

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Theater of the People is the translation of the term théâtre du peuple , which Romain Rolland coined in a programmatic work in the Revue dramatique around 1900: He distanced himself from the popular nature of popular theater and strived for a (sophisticated) theater for the people owned by the people to: "The stages, the pieces should belong entirely to the people [...]", as Stefan Zweig put it.

As a theater name, the term was common in National Socialism , which made this program its own, and denoted:


  • Romain Rolland: The People's Theater: Aesthetic Treatise on the Redesign of the Theater . Rotapfel, Zurich 1926.
  • Joseph Gregor: The People's Theater in the Ostmark . Youth and People, Vienna 1943.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Stefan Zweig: Romain Rolland . Rütten & Loening, Frankfurt am Main 1921, p. 73.