The grape harvest , and vintage or grape harvest , designated viticulture , the harvest of grapes . The activity is also known as autumn , which is due to the original meaning of the word autumn ("harvest time"). In the grape harvest , the autumn cut off the grapes.
In the manual harvest (traditional), the ripe grapes are cut off by hand. There is also the option of only selecting the particularly ripe grapes to increase quality (this selection gives its name to the predicate of the same name within the quality wines with predicate ).
Only the ripe grapes are harvested. The grapes should be healthy, with the exception of the noble rot grapes.
The machine harvest is carried out by a harvester that is moved over the rows of vines. The grapes are harvested by knocking and shaking. The falling grape berries are caught by a lamellar system that encloses the trunks of the vines and guides the grapes via a conveyor belt into a collecting container. With this method, leaves and small branches also get into the harvest. Most of these are removed by a blower.
The harvest takes place in Central Europe from late summer to autumn, depending on the location and grape variety. Since when the grapes are harvested to produce ice wine, the temperature must not be higher than −7 ° C, it can often only take place in December or January.
Grape harvest near Sorrento , Jacob Philipp Hackert (around 1784)
Grape harvest in Burgundy
Grape harvesters just shake off the berries. The stems of the grapes remain on the shoots
- ↑ Duden online (accessed on October 10, 2012)