The Ulbricht Doctrine goes back to Walter Ulbricht , the Chairman of the State Council of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and was adopted in 1967 by the Warsaw Contracting States . It states that the members of the Warsaw Pact were not allowed to normalize their relations with the Federal Republic as long as the Federal Republic had not recognized “the existing borders and the existence of two German states ”.
Before that, the grand coalition under Federal Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger had increasingly sought to normalize relations with the Warsaw Pact states , which was first expressed in the establishment of diplomatic relations with Romania at the beginning of 1967. The Ulbricht Doctrine was a response to these efforts by the Federal Republic of Germany to pursue an active Ostpolitik despite maintaining its claim to sole representation . In East Berlin and the Soviet Union there was fear of destabilization of the Eastern Bloc and isolation of the GDR. Thereupon the GDR tightened its demarcation policy and in February 1967 urged the foreign ministers of the socialist brother countries to accept the doctrine. The Ulbricht Doctrine thus also formed the counterpart to the Hallstein Doctrine of the Federal Republic of 1955. This is why it is also known as the "Anti-Hallstein Doctrine".
After Willy Brandt was elected Federal Chancellor of a social-liberal coalition , the Federal Republic gave up the Hallstein Doctrine and oriented itself towards the principles of the New Ostpolitik . In 1972, the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR signed the Basic Treaty, which included that territorial integrity and sovereignty are mutually respected. The treaty enabled permanent representations to be set up instead of embassies. The GDR was repeatedly expressly not recognized by the Federal Republic as an independent subject of international law. Both German states were accepted as full members of the United Nations .
- ^ Website of the GDR Museum Mühltroff eV
- ↑ Article “Ulbricht Doctrine” on lexexakt.de