Judgment (law)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In judicial proceedings , a judgment is a judicial decision for which procedural law expressly provides for a decision under this designation (example: Section 300 (1) ZPO).

The judgment differs from the judicial decision in that a judgment is usually issued on the basis of an oral hearing . A resolution does not require this, for example in the case of urgent decisions in interim legal protection (example: Section 80 (7) VwGO). Judgments can be appealed and revised , while decisions can be appealed against. A judgment is therefore not automatically final in the first instance .

Injunctions against it have no instance terminating effect, but are instruments of internal procedures lead. In contrast to judgments that are made by the plenary in collegiate courts, decisions can also be made by a single judge without the participation of his colleagues (example: Section 80 (8) VwGO), as can orders, for example by the reporter alone .

Judgments, resolutions and orders have in common that they are announced unilaterally by the court. In contrast, settlements and other compromises represent an autonomous, amicable agreement between the litigation parties.

A tough criminal judgment is colloquially called verdict (from medieval Latin verdictum "verdict" to Latin vere dictum called "spoken truly").

See also