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The voluntative (the willing form ) is a grammatical mode , the main function of which is seen by linguistics as expressing a willing or an intention (cf. also optative ). The Hittite example is a language in which this mode is present in the verbal inflection.

Voluntative as a comprehensive semantic term

In many cases everything that can express a wish or an intention is referred to as “voluntative” or “volitive”. These include the Germans of the subjunctive present tense ( He come! ), The Present , a want -Umschreibung and adverbs as intentionally . In Latin , the future tense, the subjunctive (e.g. the perfect subjunctive in its function as a prohibitive : Ne me tetigeris 'Don't touch me'), the coniugatio periphrastica (e.g. auditurus es , dt. "You want ...", "You intend to ...", "You are willing to hear") as well as velle - or nolle - paraphrases contain such intentions.

Voluntative as a term for the use of the subjunctive

In Latin, Greek and German grammars, “voluntativ” is also used as a term to denote a semantic function of the subjunctive , namely to express something that is the will of the speaker, e.g. B. Long live the king! or Latin requiescat ('let him rest').

Systematically realized voluntativity

A modal binary distinction between intentional and unintentional actions, similar to the Slavic aspect, exists in Hindi , where the morphological category of volitionality is present. Just as the aspect is the primary (synthetic-flexing) realization of the aspectuality, this also applies to the volitionality with regard to “voluntative” as a semantic umbrella term.

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