Under storage pests or food pests refers to all animals or generally organisms that of intercalated food parasitize humans. These are primarily rodents ( rats , mice ) and insects . The damage is caused on the one hand by the destruction of the supplies , on the other hand by the pollution and contamination with body secretions ( feces etc.). This also makes uneaten food inedible.
Mainly staple foods that are stored on a large scale, such as cereals , flour , potatoes and rice, are affected .
While stored food pests eat food supplies, organisms that merely pollute them or are disruptive to humans, such as flies or silverfish, are considered hygiene pests or pests. Organisms that cause damage to other stored goods such as wool or wood are known as material pests.
- Bean beetle
- Bread beetle
- Common bacon beetle
- Cereal capuchins
- Grain beetle
- Herb thief
- Grain beetle
- Corn beetle
- Mealworm (larva of the meal beetle )
- Rice beetle
- Flour beetle
- Dried fruit moths (family of the borer )
- Cereal moths (family of the palm moths )
- Cork moths (family of real moths )
- Flour moths (family of the borer )
- Flour moth (family of moths )
These species are colloquially known as food moths.
The protection of stored products is defined in the German Plant Protection Act as the “protection of plant products”, whereby plant products are differentiated from foodstuffs as products that “have not been treated or processed, or have only been processed by simple methods such as drying or chopping”. For example, oat flakes are considered a plant product, but not ready-made mueslis. This means that pests on animal products and processed foods are not covered by the Plant Protection Act, and other legal regulations apply, for example with regard to the use of plant protection products . The problems of pests and stored product protection is concerned in Germany, the Julius Kühn Institute , the Institute for the protection of stocks in Berlin .
Pest infestation of storage containers and storage tanks such as grain beetles can be detected using suitable microphones , among other things .
Pest , beneficial insect , pest control
- Institute for stored product protection of the Julius Kühn Institute
- Identification aid for stored pests
- Pest lexicon: stored pests
- ↑ https://larven-lauscher.de/anleitung/ ( page no longer available , search in web archives )