List of goods for foreign trade statistics

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The list of goods for foreign trade statistics (WA) lists the eight-digit statistical goods numbers with which goods can be clearly identified. The numbering scheme is used to record the flow of goods in the Federal Republic of Germany on the incoming and outgoing side ( intra-trade and extra-trade ).

The statistical commodity number is required for statistical purposes and must be reported to the authorities for various foreign trade transactions - both on the import side and on the export side. Examples of this are the INTRASTAT and EXTRASTAT declarations in the EU .


The statistical commodity codes for Germany are systematically listed in the commodity index for foreign trade statistics. The rules for assigning goods numbers to specific goods are also stored there. The list of goods appears annually. Services are excluded from this classification scheme. The commodity codes are primarily used for reports on intra and extra trade .

It is a system that is based on the Combined Nomenclature (CN) as a uniform EU labeling system. The KN and WA are identical in Chapters 1–97. The HS headings and HS subheadings (HS code) originate from the UN Harmonized System for Describing and Coding Goods and are valid almost worldwide within the countries that are part of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Structure of the WA

  • General regulations (AV) for the interpretation of the WA
  • 21 sections in Roman numerals
  • 96 chapters of the CN, two-digit (1–76, 78–97)
  • HS positions, four digits
  • HS sub-items, six digits
  • Goods numbers, eight digits
  • Chapters 98-99
  • Appendix (index and country index)

The WA is more subdivided than the CN; it specifies Chapter 98 and contains additional national commodity codes in Chapter 99.

In front of the sections and chapters there are notes which, together with the general provisions and the wording of the item, determine the classification in the numbering scheme.

The WA is updated annually.

The commodity code

The commodity code has eight digits. With their help, goods are coded in order to report the export and import of goods to the authorities. The statistical commodity number is used to report the amount of goods of a certain class that has been imported or exported.

The statistical commodity code corresponds to the codes of the combined nomenclature in chapters 01 to 97. In the extra trade, the CN codes are named customs tariff numbers from a customs perspective. Each customs tariff number is assigned a duty rate and, if applicable, requirements and prohibitions as well as import restrictions.

This number must be reported to customs for every export and import transaction, so that the goods are classified, i.e. assigned to the duty rates. The customs tariff number is 8-digit for export and 11-digit for import (the 8-digit number is supplemented by a further 3 digits).


  • Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): List of goods for foreign trade statistics - 2018 edition . Federal Statistical Office, Wiesbaden 2017, ISBN 978-3-8246-1058-7 ( online at ).
  • Carsten Weerth: The Harmonized System 2012. In: Außenwirtschaftliche Praxis Vol. 17, Issue 9, pp. 307-311 (2011), ISSN  0947-3017

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