École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem

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Cloister of the École Biblique, 1950

The institution known today as École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem ( French- French Biblical and Archaeological School Jerusalem ) was founded in 1890 under the name École Pratique d'Études Bibliques (“Practical School for Biblical Studies”) by Fr. Marie-Joseph Lagrange OP in the Dominican Convent of St. Étienne founded in Jerusalem . With papal recognition, the École biblique dedicated itself to the scientific research of the Holy Land and the biblical texts. It became her specialty to illuminate the accounts of the Bible with archaeological, ethnological, historical and exegetical methods in concrete connection with the biblical locations. Researchers at the École biblique were instrumental in editing the Dead Sea Scrolls .

Probably the most famous publication of the research institute, which was also recognized by the French state in 1920, is the Jerusalem Bible , published in French in 1956 , a translation of the Bible that continues to attract international attention today due to its literary quality and strict textual criticism (German 1968).

The journal Revue Biblique has been published by the École biblique since 1892 .

Web links


  • Jerome Murphy-O'Connor: The École Biblique and the New Testament. A Century of Scholarship (1890–1990) (= Novum testamentum et orbis antiquus. 13). With a contribution by Justin Taylor. Universitäts-Verlag et al., Friborg et al. 1990, ISBN 3-7278-0682-6 .
  • Dominique Trimbur: Une école française à Jérusalem. De l'école pratique d'études bibliques des Dominicains à l'école biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem (= Mémoire Dominicaine. Série thématique. 5). Les Éditions du Cerf, Paris 2002, ISBN 2-204-07035-1 .