Public office

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In France is under a Établissement public (German literally about public facility ), a corporation of public law understood that meets a defined public function. The Établissement public is to be distinguished from other institutions that perform public tasks, such as the Établissement d'utilité publique , whose legal form is private law , and also from the Régie - an institution that, like the Établissement public, is under public law, but unlike this one is not legal person - and the concession (concession) , d. H. the performance of a public service task by a private actor.


An établissement public acts autonomously, but is under the supervision of the local authority responsible for it . It fulfills tasks from a specific, precisely defined area of ​​competence. However, the geographical area of ​​activity of a local or regional public établissement does not have to be limited to the territory of the higher regional authority.


Basic distinction between EPA and EPIC

Although there are now a large number of different subspecies of établissements publics , two classic and fundamentally different types are usually distinguished from each other in the classification: on the one hand, these are EPs in the narrower sense of administrative tasks, the so-called établissements publics administratifs (EPA) on the other hand EPs that perform commercial-industrial tasks, the Établissements publics à caractère industriel ou commercial (EPIC).

As institutions with a classic administrative character, the EPA are completely subject to public law and also enjoy corresponding privileges, for example for collecting fees or exercising coercive measures; In the event of a conflict, the usual objection procedures against official decisions under administrative law apply. An example of an EPA is the drug safety agency ANSM .

The EPIC, on the other hand, are subject to private law in many areas , such as accounting and labor law . When an EPIC acts as a dealer, disputes with customers are negotiated in civil courts , not administrative courts. An example of an EPIC is the SNCF railway company .

Types of Établissements publics in detail

The French law defines different types of établissement public :

  • les établissements publics à caractère scientifique et technologique (EPST)
  • les établissements publics à caractère industriel et commercial (EPIC)
  • les établissements publics locaux d'enseignement (EPLE)
  • les établissements publics d'enseignement supérieur et de recherche
  • les établissements publics à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel (EPSCP, rarely also EPCSCP)
  • les établissements publics de coopération culturelle (EPCC)
  • les établissements publics à caractère économique
  • les établissements publics à caractère administratif
  • les établissements publics de coopération intercommunale (EPCI), d. H. the community associations

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Qu'est-ce qu'un établissement public? In: Direction de l'information légale et administrative, June 30, 2018, accessed on April 9, 2020 (French).
  2. a b c d e Annie Gruber: Établissement public. In: Encyclopædia Universalis en ligne. June 30, 2018, accessed June 9, 2019 (French).
  3. ^ Coopération intercommunale et EPCI. In: June 30, 2018, accessed April 9, 2020 (French).