A waste exchange or recycling exchange is a facility where materials or furnishings that are no longer required but can still be used can be returned or exchanged.
Waste exchanges are set up and maintained by municipalities or non-profit institutions , for example . Furniture, electronic devices, clothing, etc. a. be handed in. These are reconditioned or repaired if necessary and sold again relatively inexpensively.
Waste exchanges can also be used by companies and institutions as neutral market instruments for recycling and disposal. They use companies that specialize in placing waste quantities as cheaply as possible or, in the case of recyclable materials, with the best possible income on the disposal and raw materials market, or they use their own internet portals. In some cases, this can lead to considerable cost savings for the selling company. while buyers may be able to purchase small quantities cheaply and without fixed supply contracts.
So-called soil exchanges have been set up in Bremen and other federal states since the early 1990s , in particular to reduce the amount of building rubble and other materials.
The state of North Rhine-Westphalia maintains a soil and rubble exchange. Here private individuals or traders can post offers and inquiries via the Internet. In the stock market are among other topsoil other, excavation and reclaimed rubble traded.
What was then Henkel KGaA developed one of the first private recycling exchanges . This so-called "residual material exchange" brokered residual raw materials such as old stocks, by-products or faulty batches in order to save disposal costs. In 1997, the company set up a database that was initially operated on the intranet, to which customers could register by telephone or monthly by fax. In 2000 the stock exchange went online. The Schering AG built up a surplus goods marketplace, which was operated successfully according to economic criteria. In spring 2007, ISR Interseroh Rohstoffe GmbH was the first waste management company to launch an internet-based trading platform for waste paper and waste plastics, although the transactions were not publicly displayed. In practice, there was an overhang in buying interests, which may have been the reason for the platform's closure. Other exchanges were also closed. Plastic exchanges seem to be the most successful.
In Central America and the Caribbean, BORSICA ( Bolsa Regional de Residuos y Subproductos industriales ) is a supraregional platform for the marketing of industrial waste.
- Local law in Bremerhaven
- Bavarian State Office for the Environment : Leaflet dealing with humus-rich and organic soil material. Avoidance - recovery - disposal , status: 04/2016
- Soil and rubble exchange in the ALOIS waste online information system , accessed on June 12, 2018
- Recycling exchanges - a marketplace of possibilities? on eu-recycling.com, undated, accessed March 22, 2020.