Actio de dolo

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In Roman private law, the actio de dolo designates a subsidiary effective action for malice .

It is traced back to the late Republican lawyer C. Aquilius Gallus . This is passed down through the Severan late classic Ulpian , which points to the subordinate character of the legal remedy and to a short period of limitation. The praetor could only grant the remedy if another type of action was not available. Furthermore, the praetor checked the case in advance for conclusiveness ( causa cognita ), while the iudex was responsible for checking whether it was true . A conviction was disgraceful . On the other hand, the defendant was able to avoid conviction through restitutionary measures.

The counterpart to the actio de dolo is the exceptio doli , the deception that the debtor could raise if he was fraudulently induced to make a performance promise and the creditor wanted to make use of this promise.

The regulation can still be found today in § 124 BGB and Art. 60 ZGB .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. "quae dolo malo facta esse dicentur, si de his rebus alia actio non erit et iusta causa esse videbitur, intra annum, cum primum experiundi potestas fuerit, iudicium dabo".
  2. ^ Herbert Hausmaninger , Walter Selb : Römisches Privatrecht , Böhlau, Vienna 1981 (9th edition 2001) (Böhlau-Studien-Bücher) ISBN 3-205-07171-9 , p. 286 f.
  3. Art. 60 ZGB