Adept (from Latin adeptio "acquisition, acquisition" or adeptus "one who has acquired something") is the name for a person who is initiated into a secret doctrine or into mysteries . In the broader sense, an adept is someone who has been introduced to an art or science more deeply by a master, who has studied its teachings and who can prove himself to be a connoisseur of its philosophy and knowledge.
In alchemy , the term adept was used for those people who had found the secret of the manufacture of the philosopher's stone or at least should be theoretically familiar with the manufacture of the stone through a long study of the ancient scriptures.
In the mystery schools of antiquity , for example in ancient Egypt ( Isis and Osiris cult and others) and in ancient Greece ( Eleusian mysteries ), those who had passed the initiation and were thereby initiated into sacred, secret knowledge were called adepts.
In today's esoteric parlance, adepts are people who are familiar with an esoteric system and who can show real or supposed successes in these systems.
Furthermore, the term adept or adeptus is used as a hierarchical level in orders and lodges . In hermetic-kabbalistic initiate orders such as B. the Gold and Rosicrucians are different degrees of initiation with Adeptus. So the V degree as Adeptus minor , the VI. Degree as Adeptus major and the VIIth degree as Adeptus exemptus .
The advanced students of some Asian martial arts , such as karate , are also known as adepts.
- Helmut Gebelein : Alchemy. Dieterichs, 2000.
- Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder : Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. FA Herbig, 2000.
- Franz Bardon : The way to the true adept. 19th edition, 2001 (first 1956).
- Dion Fortune : Guide for Seekers. Smaragd Verlag, 1990.
- The adept from the perspective of anthroposophy according to Rudolf Steiner
- ↑ a b Arnim Regenbogen, Uwe Meyer (Ed.): Dictionary of philosophical terms . Meiner, Hamburg 1998, ISBN 3-7873-1325-7 , p. 14.
- ↑ Cf. Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder: Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. FA Herbig, 2000, p. 588, keyword mysteries .
- ↑ Cf. Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder: Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. FA Herbig, 2000, p. 589, keyword: Mysteries, Egyptian .
- ↑ Cf. Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder: Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. FA Herbig, 2000, p. 590, keyword: Mysteries, Eleusian .
- ↑ So z. B. in the writings of Dion Fortunes and numerous more or less serious esoteric publications of recent times on alchemy and magic.
- ↑ Eugen Lennhoff, Oskar Posner, Dieter A. Binder: Internationales Freemaurerlexikon. FA Herbig, 2000, p. 50.
- ↑ See Andreas Reifel: Tatakawa Zushite Katsu ( page can no longer be accessed , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In: karate-archiv.de, accessed on April 21, 2012.