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Anangu is a self-name of various Australian Aboriginal tribes in the Western Desert Region in central southwest Australia , in the Pitjantjatjara Lands and in the Uluṟu-Kata-Tjuṯa National Park .

The term Anangu comes from the indigenous languages spoken there and originally meant "human". After the arrival of white conquerors, however, its meaning changed and this is how Anangu nowadays generally refers to an Australian native as opposed to a white non-Aboriginal. The tribes that live in the Western Desert region and use Anangu as a self-designation include the Pitjantjatjara , Yankunytjatjara , and the Ngaanyatjarra .

It is a sure sign of acceptance for a white man when he is referred to as an Anangu within an Aboriginal community and is thus regarded as one of their own.