Location of the Gara Muleta
The Anniya were one of three subgroups of the Barentuma-Oromo (alongside the Ittuu and Afran Qallu ) who migrated from Bale to the northeast to Harerge in the 16th century . These three groups had initially Odaa Bultum a common political and religious center ( cheffe or chaffee ) where every eight years together representatives of them came to adopt the laws for the next eight years. However, at the end of the 17th or beginning of the 18th century, the Anniyya separated from the others in this regard and established their own chaffee in Burqa Tirtira in their area.
While Ittuu and Afran Qallu became sedentary farmers in the 17th and 18th centuries, the Anniyya remained pure cattle breeders until the 19th century. Their area offers good grazing land, receives sufficient rain and is crossed by the larger rivers Ramis and Moǧǧo as well as several tributaries of the Shabelle . The area is also rich in game and traditionally young Anniyya men and others hunted. a. Elephants, lions and buffalo. There are few cities in the Anniyya area, and education, health care, transportation and communications developed more slowly than the other Oromo groups.
The Oromo Liberation Front began armed struggle in 1976 in the Anniyya area. Of the Oromo in Harerge, the Anniyya were most affected by the Ogaden War 1977-78 and by the counterinsurgency measures of the Ethiopian state.
The Anniyya are divided into two subgroups with further subdivisions:
- Codes: Bidu, Anno, Kooyyee, Macha
- Sadacha: Molkootu, Baabbo, Bambi.