Use case diagram

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Structure diagrams of the UML
Class diagram
Component diagram
Composition structure diagram
Object diagram
Package diagram
Profile diagram
Distribution diagram
UML behavioral diagrams
Activity diagram
Use case diagram
Interaction overview diagram
Communication diagram
Sequence diagram
Timing diagram
State diagram

A use case diagram (. Engl use case diagram ), also Nutzfalldiagramm , is one of the types of diagrams of the Unified Modeling Language (UML), a language for the modeling of the structures and the behavior of software - and other systems. It depicts use cases and actors with their respective dependencies and relationships .

The use case diagram has been a behavior diagram since UML 2 . It represents the expected behavior of a system and is therefore used to specify the requirements for a system.

A use case diagram does not represent a process description. Instead, it can be represented with an activity , sequence or collaboration diagram (from UML 2.x communication diagram).

Use case diagram in bullet points

  • The aim is to show as simply as possible what you want to do with the software system to be built and which cases of application exist.
  • Actors are represented as " stick figures ", which can represent both people such as customers or administrators and a system (a ribbon symbol is sometimes used in systems).
  • Use cases are shown in ellipses. They must be described (e.g. in a comment or a separate file).
  • Associations between actors and use cases must be indicated by lines.
  • System boundaries are indicated by rectangles.
  • Include relationships are marked with a dashed line (marked with <<include>> ) and an arrow to the included use case, which is necessary for the calling use case.
  • extend relationships are identified by a dashed line (marked with <<extend>> ) and an arrow from the extending use case, whereby this can be activated by the calling use case , but does not have to.




Differences to UML 1.x

The use case diagram is now classified in UML2 as a behavior diagram and no longer as a structure diagram. Furthermore, actors must now have a name and the preconditions of the respective extension points must be attached to the corresponding extension relationship by means of a note.

See also


Web links

Commons : Use Case Diagrams  - collection of images, videos and audio files