In chess , the attractive player is the player who leads the white chess pieces and thus begins the game according to the chess rules. He is so called because he always makes his half-move first in front of the player with the black pieces, which is why he is also called a trailing player .
The advantage of the white player to start the game and thus to lead the game phase of the chess opening is also referred to as the draw advantage . Experts disagree as to the extent to which it is an objective advantage, but statistically speaking, white wins 37% of the time in human games, in computer games in around 40% of the cases, while black in around 27% (human) and 29% respectively. (Computer) wins the game. In current chess programs, the position before White's first move is rated as approx. +0.2 pawn units . Since the position is absolutely symmetrical at this point in time, this corresponds to the tightening advantage. This is the basis of the often expressed maxim that White should play for victory and Black for a draw, which is attributed to Yevgeny Svezhnikov .
In chess tournaments, it depends on the type of tournament who leads the white and who leads the black pieces. In the Swiss system , the pairings are drawn according to certain criteria. Among other things, it is ensured that no player should have the same color twice in a row. If this is the case, care will continue to be taken to ensure that the balance sheet remains roughly balanced.
In team chess , for example in league operations, the players on the same team alternate between white and black pieces. The color assignment depends on whether it is home or away games. The players of the home team lead the black pieces on the odd boards and the white pieces on the even boards.
A different regulation is used in team competitions in which the Berlin rating is used in the event of a tie , such as in cup competitions with a knockout system . In this case, the color distribution is usually done in such a way that the Berlin scoring does not result in a decision if all white players (or all black players) win their games.
Individual references and sources
- ↑ Statistics on ChessGames.com : White scored about 55 percent out of 632,373 games. As of April 26, 2012
- ↑ CEGT total list ( Memento of February 24, 2011 in the Internet Archive ): White scored 55.3 percent out of 1,001,760 games. As of April 6, 2012