Preventive occupational health care
The term occupational health care is defined in the Ordinance on Hazardous Substances . The definition given there is often also applied to other areas of occupational medicine . It essentially corresponds to the catalog of duties of the company doctor in the Occupational Safety Act (ASiG).
Includes preventive occupational health care
- the assessment of working conditions , loads and hazards
- recommending measures to improve working conditions
- the education and counseling of employees
- Special occupational medical check-ups for the early detection of occupational diseases and health disorders (including biomonitoring for recognized procedures)
- Recommendations based on occupational medicine for checking workplaces
- Further development of occupational health protection based on the knowledge gained
With the occupational health care, the employer may only instruct doctors Specialists in occupational medicine or which additional designation industrial medicine lead. The time spent by company doctors and specialists in occupational safety is strictly regulated by DGUV regulation 2, which was issued in January 2011. Exact knowledge of the company's workplaces and processes from personal experience and regular dialog with employees are prerequisites for appropriate and efficient provision.
According to Section 3 of the Ordinance on Preventive Occupational Health Care (ArbMedVV), the employer must “ensure appropriate preventive occupational health care on the basis of the risk assessment ”. In such an assessment of the working conditions, close cooperation with the company doctor and the occupational safety specialist should be sought.
As a rule, the company doctor appointed by the employer, who must have the above qualifications, should take care of all issues relating to occupational health protection. This also includes special preventive medical examinations in the event of particular exposure, such as hazardous substances or noise. If special knowledge or equipment is required (e.g. for x-rays), the company doctor calls in the appropriate specialists.
- Occupational Safety and Health Act (ArbSchG)
- Occupational Safety Act (ASiG)
- Ordinance on Hazardous Substances (GefStoffV)
- Ordinance on preventive occupational medicine (ArbMedVV)
Occupational health care results from the employer's duty of care under labor law towards its employees. The legal basis is the Ordinance on Occupational Health Care (ArbMedVV). It is described, among other things, in the Occupational Safety and Health Act , which implements the relevant EU directives in German law.
The design of working conditions according to the current state of science and technology prevents the development of work-related health disorders ( primary prevention ). By provisions preventing diseases worsen, which may be caused by stress at work.
The Ordinance on the Simplification of Laws and Strengthening of Preventive Occupational Medicine (ArbMedVV), which came into force on December 24, 2008, is intended to create more opportunities, legal certainty and transparency in individual company health protection. The Federal Ministry of Labor is in an announcement of a draft bill of the Regulation: "The changes in the work environment for employees bring new stresses and strains with it. Musculoskeletal and mental illnesses are on the rise. At the same time, the demographic development requires a significant extension of the working life . "
- ↑ Occupational Medicine Berlin | Prevention, advice & support. Retrieved February 15, 2020 .
- ↑ Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs : Ordinance on preventive occupational health care (ArbMedVV) , December 23, 2008, last amended by Art. 5 Para. 8 V v. November 26, 2010 I 1643. The ordinance previously published on August 29, 2008 in printed matter 643/08 on the simplification of the law and strengthening of preventive occupational health care (PDF) also contains Article 1 of the ArbMedVV and is introduced with information on the objectives of all of its 10 articles .
- ↑ see also stress (psychology)
- ↑ Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs : Preventive Occupational Health Care from January 23, 2017, accessed on February 26, 2019.
- Preventive occupational medical examinations
- Key feature method
- Specialized in occupational medicine
- Company doctor