Archidamos IV. ( Greek Ἀρχίδαμος ) was a king of Sparta from the Eurypontid dynasty in the 3rd century BC. He was a son of King Eudamidas I and Archidamia . His siblings were Agesistrata and Agesilaos.
When Archidamos succeeded his father in the royal office is unclear, as there is little source material about the kings of Sparta during the Hellenistic period . Archidamos himself is only known through the confrontation of Sparta with Demetrios Poliorketes in 295/4 BC. Known against whom he was defeated in a field battle at Mantineia . Demetrios then advanced as far as Laconia , where he again defeated the Spartans, of whom 200 were killed and 500 captured.
The further fate of Archidamos IV and the year of his death are unclear. Since he was never mentioned again, his death is being considered at Mantineia; on the other hand, his survival in military defeat may have led to the loss of all prestige and thus to political and historical insignificance. In any case, his son Eudamidas II followed him.
- Alfred S. Bradford: A Prosopography of Lacedaemonians from the Death of Alexander the Great to the Sack of Sparta by Alaric (= Vestigia. Volume 27). Beck, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-406-04797-1 .
- EI McQueen: The Eurypontid House in Hellenistic Sparta. In: Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte , Vol. 39 (1990), pp. 163-181.
- Benedikt Niese : Archidamos 5) . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume II, 1, Stuttgart 1895, column 469.
- Plutarch , Agis 3, 3.
- Plutarch, Demetrios 35, 1. For a more detailed description of the battle, see Polyainos 4, 7, 9-10.
- For Archidamos IV's death in battle, see Bradford (p. 75), while McQueen (p. 166) describes his survival until the beginning of the Chremonideic War in 267 BC. Believes possible.
- Plutarch, Agis 3, 3.
|Eudamidas I.||King of Sparta||Eudamidas II|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||King of Sparta|
|DATE OF BIRTH||4th century BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||3rd century BC Chr.|