Arfak spectacle bird
|Arfak spectacle bird|
|Salvadori , 1875|
The Arfak spectacled bird ( Zosterops fuscicapilla ) is a species of bird in the spectacled family . There are two subspecies: The nominate form Zosterops fuscicapilla fuscicapilla and the breed Zosterops fuscicapilla crookshanki .
The Arfak spectacle bird reaches a size of 9.5 to 11 centimeters and a weight of 10.8 grams. In the male of the nominate form Zosterops fuscicapilla fuscicapilla , the forehead, the reins and the reins under the eye ring are black. A black hood extends over the back of the head and contrasts with the green neck. The rather narrow, white eye ring is interrupted at the front by a black spot. The top is dark yellowish olive green. The rump is more yellowish. The wing tips and tail are dark brown. Throat and underside are yellowish olive green. The middle of the abdomen and the under tail-covers show an almost pure lemon-yellow color. The iris is reddish brown to dark brown. The beak is dark gray to blackish with a light gray base of the mandible. The legs are gray. The female is similar to the male. However, it is on average more dull in color and less yellowish. In juvenile birds, the beak is orange and the flanks are lighter yellow. The black color on the face is missing. The breed Zosterops fuscicapilla crookshanki is strikingly different from the nominate form. The top of the head is olive green. The reins narrow to a black spot. The eye ring is wider. The underside is less yellowish in tint. The under tail-coverts are greenish.
Habitat and way of life
The Arfak spectacled bird is restricted to rainforests at altitudes between 1200 and 2100 m. Occasionally he goes hiking to nearby roadsides, villages and farmland. The Arfak spectacle bird lives in small groups in the forest areas from the canopy to the edge of the forest. Its diet consists of small fruits and insects.
- Morton Strange: A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Indonesia. Princeton University Press, Princetown NJ 2003, ISBN 0-691-11495-1 .
- Otto Finsch : The animal kingdom. Delivery 15: Zosteropidae. Friedländer, Berlin 1901.
- Zosterops fuscicapilla inthe IUCN 2013 Red List of Endangered Species . Listed by: BirdLife International, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2013.