Superior gluteal artery

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Branches of the internal iliac artery

The superior gluteal artery (“upper gluteal artery”) - referred to in animal anatomy as the gluteal artery - is an artery of the lower extremity in the region of the gluteal region . It arises from the internal iliac artery and is usually its strongest branch.

The superior gluteal artery runs through the greater sciatic foramen to the gluteal muscles. It divides into two branches. The superficial branch ( ramus superficialis ) supplies the gluteus maximus muscle and forms anastomoses with the inferior gluteal artery . The deep branch ( Ramus profundus ) supplies the musculus gluteus medius and musculus gluteus minimus and anastomoses with the arteria circumflexa femoris lateralis .


  • Karl-Josef Moll, Michaela Moll: Anatomy. Short textbook for the subject catalog. 18th, revised edition. Elsevier, Urban and Fischer, Munich et al. 2005, ISBN 3-437-41743-6 , p. 584.
  • Uwe Gille: Cardiovascular and immune system, Angiologia. In: Franz-Viktor Salomon, Hans Geyer, Uwe Gille (Ed.): Anatomy for veterinary medicine. 2nd, revised and expanded edition. Enke, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8304-1075-1 , pp. 404-463.