Ophthalmic artery

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Anatomical drawing

The ophthalmic artery is the arterial blood vessel that supplies the human eye and eye socket . It arises as a branch of the internal carotid artery immediately after it passes through the skull. Together with the optic nerve , it leaves the skull again through the optic canal and is divided into the following branches:

  • Arteria centralis retinae for the optic nerve and retina
  • Arteriae ciliares posteriores longae for the lens and the anterior portion of the eyeball
  • Arteriae ciliares posteriores breves for the posterior portion of the eyeball
  • Artery lacrimal for lacrimal gland
  • Supraorbital artery to the forehead
  • Supratrochlear artery to the forehead
  • Arteriae ethmoidales anterior et posterior to the ethmoid cells
  • Rami musculares to the eye muscles
  • Arteriae palpebrales mediales to the upper and lower lid margin
  • Arteria dorsalis nasi to the bridge of the nose

The vein corresponding to the ophthalmic artery is the superior ophthalmic vein .

Web links

Commons : Ophthalmic Artery  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. FCAT - Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology: Terminologia Anatomica. Thieme, Stuttgart et al. 1998, ISBN 3-13-114361-4 .


  • Theodor H. Schiebler, Walter Schmidt, Karl Zilles: cytology, histology, history of development, macroscopic and microscopic human anatomy. 7th, corrected edition. Springer, Berlin et al. 1997, ISBN 3-540-61856-2 .