Brass instruments belong to the family of the bow horns , which are related to the horn due to their wide length (horn instruments). In the design of the Belgian wind instrument maker Adolphe Sax , they are also called sax horns :
- the flugelhorn in B or C.
- the alto horn in F or Eb
- the tenor horn in C or Bb
- the baritone horn in B
- the euphonium in B
- the tubes :
- Bass tuba in Eb or F
- Double bass tuba in C or B
“Since the end of the 19th century there has been a lot of talk about iron horns ; What is meant is the horn with or without valves in all sizes; this name is an unfortunate transformation of English-French. bugle , which probably belongs together with ahd. buhhil 'horn' [...]. "
The French term for flugelhorn or cornet is still today bugle , while bugle ténor for the tenor horn . The German name bugle but nonsensical, because it means Horn Horn .
The expression is used inconsistently by Winfried Pape: When describing the trumpet, it is said that the "origin of the bow shape in the 15th century" should be assumed. Accordingly, bow is a synonym for the trumpet shape, which can also be found on the flugelhorn and tuba. On the other hand, he describes the flugelhorn as an "instrument of the bow-horn family (bugle = horn)".
- Curt Sachs: Handbook of musical instruments . Breitkopf & Härtel, Wiesbaden 1976, ISBN 3-7651-0051-X
- Winfried Pape: Instrument manual for string, plucked, wind and percussion instruments in tabular form . 2nd Edition. Musikverlag Hans Gerig, Cologne 1976, ISBN 3-87252-055-5 , TB 264, Theoretica Volume 11
- Willy Schneider: Handbook of brass music . B. Schott's Sons, Mainz 1954
- Curt Sachs: Handbook of musical instrumentation . Breitkopf & Härtel, 1971, ISBN 3-7651-0051-X , p. 281
- Winfried Pape: Instrument manual: string, plucked, wind and percussion instruments . Laaber Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-87252-055-5 , p. 115
- Winfried Pape: Instrument manual: string, plucked, wind and percussion instruments . Laaber Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-87252-055-5 , p. 137