Barbarastollen (Cologne)

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The Barbarastollen is a show mine of the University of Cologne in Cologne . It is in a basement room under the auditorium.


The tunnel was built in 1932 during the new building of the university as a teaching and demonstration object for the students of the economics and social science faculty of the university. The tunnel is in the tradition of the Museum for Trade and Industry (later: Show West German Economy ) of the Cologne University of Commerce .

After being forgotten for decades, the access hidden behind a shelf was rediscovered in the early 1980s. The tunnel was restored from 1984 and reopened to the public.

The mine can be visited by groups of visitors after consultation with the Institute for Occupational Medicine.


The approx. 40 m long replica of a tunnel imitates a stretch from hard coal mining . It was designed by the Essen painter and graphic artist Kurt Holl , for which he used real coal from the Aachen mining area , which was stuck to the walls with tar. Various companies supplied original equipment, tools and machines from the coal mining industry for the equipment.

In a realistic atmosphere, in addition to the mining technology, the tough conditions under which coal was mined in the 1930s are shown. Above all, the consequences in terms of occupational medicine, such as the pneumonia, are presented.

Although of course no natural resources are extracted there, the show mine in the basement has a permit under mining law . As an anecdote, people like to tell during tours that the university has little influence on operations in its own basement rooms.

Web links

Commons : Barbarastollen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b The Barbarastollen. Institute for Occupational Medicine, Social Medicine and Social Hygiene at the University of Cologne, accessed on April 29, 2011 .
  2. a b Barbarastollen, University of Cologne. Database of university museums and collections in Germany. Hermann von Helmholtz Center for Cultural Technology, Humboldt University Berlin, accessed on April 29, 2011 .
  3. ^ Joachim Biemann: Cologne underground. Werkbahnen in Cologne - "underground". Part A. 1) The teaching mine under the university. Railways in the Rhineland, accessed on April 29, 2011 .

Coordinates: 50 ° 55 ′ 41 ″  N , 6 ° 55 ′ 43 ″  E