Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture

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Bavarian State Institute for Wine and Horticulture

State level country
Supervisory authority Bavarian State Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Forests
founding 1902 (as royal wine, fruit and horticultural school , 1952 today's form)
Headquarters Veitshochheim
Authority management Hermann Kolesch
Servants 300
Web presence

The Bavarian State Institute for Wine and Horticulture (LWG) is an agricultural training, research and information center in Veitshöchheim in Lower Franconia.


The winery owner Sebastian Englerth zu Randersacker founded a wine school for the Franconian wine-growing region with his own funds as early as 1874. This project was short-lived, however. In 1877 the school had to be closed again.

By decision of the Kgl. Under the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, the Royal Wine, Fruit and Horticultural School was founded in 1902 and settled in the center of Veitshöchheim. In 1913 it was renamed the Royal School for Wine, Fruit Growing and Horticulture , and in 1918 the Royal School became a "State" school. Experiments and research are now taking up more and more space. In the years after the First World War, for example, the institute took over testing of the new types of pesticides and fertilizers brought out by the chemical industry. In 1924 a master's examination for gardeners and winemakers was held for the first time.

In 1939 the name was changed to a teaching and research institute for viticulture, fruit growing and horticulture . In 1943 courses for disabled veterans are established, in 1945 American troops are accommodated in the buildings and all teachers are dismissed. All stock cultures from the yeast inoculation station are lost. In 1947 teaching is resumed. In 1952, the educational establishment is merged with the State Court Cellar and other agricultural facilities in the Würzburg area and converted into the Bavarian State Institute for Wine, Fruit Growing and Horticulture . The service area covers the entire Free State of Bavaria.

After the boarding school had to be closed in 1962 due to dilapidation, the new school building opened in 1968 at its current location at An der Steige 15. In 1974 the state institute was given its current name; after a reorganization, the LWG consists of the departments of horticulture, viticulture, teaching and experimental cellaring, grapevine breeding, state winery and the state technical and technical school. In 1975 the establishment of a vine protection warning service began. In 1992 the state parliament approved 23 million euros for extensive construction work. In 1994 the Bayerische Gartenakademie was founded as part of the LWG, and in 1995 the newly established garden telephone received more than 5000 calls. 1997 LWG goes online with its first own homepage.

In the following years, the LWG grew by several departments and tasks. In 2001, the teaching and experimental economy for vegetable growing in Bamberg was integrated into the LWG. In 2003, the first internet college for gardening and landscaping in Germany was set up at the LWG. Students can take part in lessons there via live stream. In the same year, the Bavarian State Institute for Beekeeping was relocated from Erlangen to Veitshöchheim, where it now acted as a specialist center for bees, now the Institute for Apiculture and Beekeeping . In the course of the administrative reform in 2005, the administration of wine law was also transferred from the government of Lower Franconia to the LWG, while the Staatliche Hofkeller Würzburg was separated from the LWG and has since acted as an independent unit. The administration of the LWG, which had been in Würzburg since 1952, finally moved to the main site in Veitshöchheim in 2007.


The institution is a state authority in the division of the Bavarian State Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Forests . It is an authority directly subordinate to the State Ministry.

In Bavaria, the LWG is responsible for applied research projects in the fields of beekeeping, horticulture, land maintenance and viticulture and, in this context, is involved in and coordinating international research projects.

It is divided into the four departments Viticulture , Land Care , Horticulture and Law & Service as well as the three specialist centers Education, Analytics and Bees.

The master craftsman and technician school trains around 150 students to become economists (one year) or technicians (two years) in the fields of viticulture and oenology, horticulture and gardening and landscaping. Around 20 other students take part in the two-year Internet technical school.

The sovereign tasks of the LWG include virus testing in the production of vines in fruit growing, the implementation of the seed control in the implementation of the Seed Traffic Act, the control of private soil laboratories according to the fertilizer ordinance and the protection of the vines.

One focus of the LWG is application-oriented research in all specialist areas. An overview of current research projects can be found in the annual reports.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. About us ,
  2. 100 years LWG. Published by the Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture, 2002
  3. LWG: About us
  4. Annual reports of the LWG on the website of the Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture, accessed on November 7, 2018