Resilience (psychology)

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In psychology, resilience is generally used to denote both the physical and psychological resources that a person can mobilize in order to react to objectively acting stressors .


The ability to use these resources is known as resilience .

The psychological resilience describes the characteristic of a person, whereas the stress describes the stressor. The term resilience refers to the extent to which a person describes himself subjectively as psychophysically resilient and robust, which does not necessarily have to be related to the objective resilience. Resilience largely describes the willingness to expose oneself to extraordinary psychophysical stresses and not to avoid them. Whether a situation is subjectively perceived as stressful depends heavily on the cognitive evaluation of this situation by the affected individual (see Lazarus' stress model ). Lazarus also postulates that this fact results in individual differences in susceptibility to certain stressors.

See also


  • Richard S. Lazarus / Susan Folkman, Stress, appraisal, and coping , 1984, New York: Springer
  • Thomas Städtler: Lexicon of Psychology. Dictionary, manual, study book. Kröner, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-520-83501-0 .

Individual evidence

  1. Thomas Städtler, Lexikon der Psychologie , 2003, p. 65