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Beos (Gracula religiosa)

Beos ( Gracula religiosa )

Order : Passerines (Passeriformes)
Subordination : Songbirds (passeri)
Family : Starlings (Sturnidae)
Subfamily : Mainatinae
Genre : Beos ( Gracula )
Type : Beo
Scientific name
Gracula religiosa
Linnaeus , 1758
  • Great Beo ( G. religiosa religiosa )
  • Mittelbeo ( G. religiosa intermedia )
  • Little Beo ( G. religiosa indica )

The Beo ( Gracula religiosa ) or Mynah is a bird art that the family of Stare belongs (Sturnidae).


The Beo is native to Sri Lanka , Southwest India , the East Indies, the Himalayan region , rear India , Borneo , Java and the Lesser Sunda Islands . In the tropical forests he lives in pairs or in small family groups.


The plumage is black; in appropriate light conditions it shimmers green. The most noticeable external feature is a yellow flap of skin on both sides of the head, which extends to the back of the head. The bird's second splash of color is a yellow beak . Beos can be between 26 cm and 35 cm in size.


As soft-eater , Beos mainly feed on fruits and insects .


Beo, recorded in Thailand

The Beo is cheerful. Because of his pronounced talent for languages, he is not only a popular pet in his homeland . However, the sounds produced by the Beo are loud. The birds have a life expectancy of around 15 years.

Hazardous situation and protective measures

Beo is in the Red List of Threatened Species of IUCN out and is globally not endangered as ( least concern ) assessed.

However, the species' ability to mimic sounds and human voices has resulted in great demand for pets and, as a result, economic interest in the species. After severe population losses were recorded at regional levels, the Beo has been listed on Appendix II of the Washington Convention on CITES since 1997 . Thus, the species may only be placed on the market under certain conditions.

This restriction on international trade was also stipulated at European level and is reflected in Appendix B of the EU Species Protection Regulation (EC) No. 338/97 and EC Regulation 407/2009 of the European Union.

Web links

Commons : Beo ( Gracula religiosa )  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Gracula religiosa in the Red List of Threatened Species of the IUCN 2009. Posted by: BirdLife International, 2009. Accessed on March 14 of 2010.
  2. ^ Appendices I, II and III. In: CITES Official Documents. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, October 14, 2010, accessed on November 5, 2010 (English, Appendixe of the Washington Convention on the Protection of Species, CITES, entry “Gracula religiosa”).
  3. ^ "Gracula religiosa" in UNEP-WCMC Species Database. UNEP-WCMC, accessed March 14, 2010 .