The habitat protection includes several measures to maintain or restore habitat or sub-habitats of animal and plant community ( biocenosis ). Biotope protection is also intended to help preserve species diversity outside of protected areas ( nature reserve , FFH area ).
The following characteristics of biotopes must be observed:
- the critical biotope quality (minimum quality equipment required for a species to survive),
- the critical area size ( minimum area size below which the population of a species can exist),
- the spatial networking of partial habitats in species (e.g. biotope networking of separate foraging, wintering and reproduction habitats ),
- the distant separation of biotope types of the same type (also through overcoming barriers, e.g. roads or intensive forms of use),
- the conflicting or corresponding uses (e.g. fishing pond use),
- the reaction of the living communities to be preserved to the implementation of certain security measures.