Surf pillars

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Surf pillars are rock towers towering in front of a cliff and comparable formations that were formed by surf erosion. They arise from the collapse of surf gates or the separation of surf alleys.

The only pillar of surf in Germany is the Lange Anna off the island of Helgoland . Its name in Heligoland Frisian , Nathurn Stak ('Nordhorn-Brandungspfeiler'), is related to the English name stack and the Scottish Gaelic name stac . In Scotland, surf piers can be found, for example, as part of the St. Kilda Archipelago ( Stac an Armin , Stac Lee ), where they were formed from the remains of a tertiary volcanic cone , at the Old Man of Hoy , at Dunnicaer Hillfort on the east coast or at the Flannan Isles . Smaller surf piers can be found around the Farne Islands in northeast England .


  • Dieter Kelletat: Physical geography of the seas and coasts. An introduction, Springer Fachmedien, Wiesbaden 1989, ISBN 978-3-519-03426-1 .

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