Broad ax

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Various broad axes

The adze , also broadax is as ax for hewing Roundwood to bar used and part of the basic equipment of the carpenters . Today it no longer has any practical significance as sawmills have completely taken over its task.

The broad ax is about 50 to 70 cm long and differs from other axes and hatchets in that one side of the head is flattened and the handle runs at an angle to the head. There are right and left versions. In addition, the head is larger than that of other axes. The cutting edge is sharpened on one side on the side towards which the handle points. The wedge angle should be around 17 °. There are still carpenters who have mastered the use of a broad ax. With the reconstruction of entire half-timbered buildings , this way of working is encouraged again.


Richental Chronicle : Hewing a beam

The cutting of logs goes back to creating permanent dwellings. First, however, stone tools and later bronze tools were used. The Romans also had special axes for woodworking. With the mass production of iron for weapons and tools, these became more and more specialized and refined over time, until the broad ax, which is still used today, was used in the Middle Ages.


  • Dieter Pesch: Old handicraft tools. Exhibition in the Rheinisches Freilichtmuseum Kommern from November 17, 1981 to April 4, 1982 . Published on behalf of the Rhineland Regional Council. Rheinland Verlag, Cologne 1981
  • Hans Tewes Schadwinkel and Günther Heine: The carpenter's tool With an introduction: The carpentry by Manfred Gerner, Verlag Th. Schäfer, Hanover 1986

See also

Web links

Commons : Broad axes  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Franz Krämer: Basic knowledge of the carpenter , Bruderverlag, Karlsruhe 1982, ISBN 3-87104-052-5