|Briard (Berger de Brie)|
|FCI Standard No. 113|
|List of domestic dogs|
Origin and history
It comes from the farm and farm dogs of the French flatlands and probably arose from a cross between Barbet and Picard . The name chien de berger de Brie appears for the first time in French literature, namely in the Histoire naturelle by G.-L. de Buffon , published 1758. A popular derivation also refers to the legend The Dog of Aubry . Originally, Briards had the task of guarding and protecting sheep. The Briard has been an independent breed since 1896. For a long time he was also known under the name chien de berger français de plaine ("French flatland sheepdog").
The Briard is available in black (noir), fauve (wild-colored) with a light to medium charbon (black hair tips on the ears, black hair tips) or gray (grise). The dog's hair is long, minimum length 7 cm, quality similar to goat hair, with or without a slight undercoat. It is medium to large in size, up to 68 cm. As a special characteristic, the Briard has double dewclaws on the hind legs , which are set as close as possible to the ground.
The head with a clear stop is strong and long with a chin beard and mustache. The hanging ears are set high, not tightly fitting, flat and covered with long hair. The body is slightly longer than high (height at the withers), muscular limbs, the roughly “J” -shaped tail is carried low when standing, while running it can form a line with the back.
The Briard is spirited, very intelligent and alert. As a herding and herd protection dog, protective and herding behavior are pronounced. His upbringing requires loving care and consistency. Since he is a working and utility dog by nature, the Briard must be used regularly. He is not suitable as a pure companion dog. He is demanding because he wants to be challenged and encouraged both mentally and physically. He shows suitability for training as a therapy dog, for mantrailing, tracking, agility, herding, cycling. Any kind of sporting activity is fine for the Briard. He is not a beginner dog.
Originally, the Briard was a sheepdog that led and guarded the flocks of sheep and was able to defend them against wolves. In the First and Second World War he was used in the armies as a reporting, patrol and medical dog. He is also widely used as a guard dog.
The Briard is now often used as a dog for sporting competitions. Since this is an ancient working dog breed, it is important to give the Briard a job. Briards can be found in agility , in popular sports and in protection dog sports. But also as rescue dogs and therapy dogs , they are finding more and more opportunities to prove their work zeal.